COVID-19 FAQ

I am considering getting the Johnson & Johnson vaccine. Is it safe?

  • The Johnson & Johnson vaccine is safe and effective, and the pause on administering the vaccine was lifted after an extensive safety review by independent experts, the CDC and the FDA. There is a risk, primarily for women ages 18-49, of a very rare but severe type of blood clotting.

Are the COVID-19 vaccines safe for people who are pregnant and/or breastfeeding?

  • COVID-19 vaccination is recommended for all people 12 years and older, including people who are pregnant, breastfeeding, or trying to get pregnant now or might become pregnant in the future.
  • Based on current data(link is external)from the v-safe COVID-19 Vaccine Pregnancy Registry, scientists did not find an increased risk for miscarriage among people who received an mRNA COVID-19 vaccine before 20 weeks of pregnancy. This adds to the growing evidence of the safety of these vaccines. Additionally, previous findings from three safety monitoring systems did not find any safety concerns for pregnant people who were vaccinated late in pregnancy or for their babies.
  • The increased risk of severe illness and pregnancy complications related to COVID-19 infection makes vaccination for pregnant people more urgent than ever. CDC and DHS recommend that pregnant people should be vaccinated now against COVID-19 if they have not yet received a COVID-19 vaccine.Learn more on the CDC website(link is external)

How were COVID-19 vaccines developed so quickly?

  • No safety steps were skipped during the development of COVID-19 vaccines. A number of factors allowed safe and effective COVID-19 vaccines to be available quickly.
  • Earlier research on other coronaviruses (SARS and MERS) jump started the COVID-19 vaccine development process. SARS was first detected in 2002, while MERS was first detected in 2012, and both have been researched ever since.
  • Through ground-breaking partnerships between leading medical experts, scientists were able to build on lessons learned from past pandemics (Zika, Ebola, H1N1) to make the COVID-19 vaccines.
  • Medical experts and other key players all dedicated their time, effort, and resources to developing COVID-19 vaccines.
  • Issuing an EUA shortened the official process, but did not skip any safety steps. For example, the FDA invited more experts to review than usual. With all hands on deck, the review process was shortened from months to weeks. The EUA allowed faster public access to vaccines.

What are the ingredients in the COVID-19 vaccines?

The vaccines do not contain fetal cells, blood products, the live SARS-CoV-2 virus, mercury, egg, latex, pork products, preservatives, or microchips.

I have underlying medical conditions, is it safe for me to get the vaccine?

  • People with underlying conditions can get the COVID-19 vaccine as long as they are not allergic to any of the ingredients in the vaccines. When checking, it is important to look at the detailed list (see answer to question above). Vaccination is important for people with underlying medical conditions because they may be at an increased risk of severe illness from COVID-19.

Is there risk of having a severe allergic reaction with the COVID-19 vaccine?

  • Adverse reactions are possible, although they are very rare. Systems, like VAERS and v-safe, are in place to monitor for reactions to COVID-19 vaccines. This is why you may be asked to wait 15 or 30 minutes after receiving the COVID-19 vaccine so any reactions can immediately be addressed.

For more information visit https://www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/covid-19/vaccine-safety.htm